The Sikh leaders of the Singh Sabha worked to offer a clear definition of Sikh identity and tried to purify Sikh belief and practice. The beat of the large drums, and the raising of the Nishan Sahib, meant that the Singhs were on their way. The problem of internal migration in Punjab is becoming acute day by day and must be regulated forthwith; otherwise it may become too late to handle. [42] The distinct turban that differentiates a Sikh from other turban wearers is a relic of the rules of the British Indian Army. The first Sikh in office, Singh was also the first prime minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to be re-elected after completing a full five-year term. This theme is evident in the Sikh festivals of Hola Mohalla and Vaisakhi, which feature marching and displays of valor. Servant Nanak begs for the dust of the feet of that GurSikh, who himself chants the Naam, and inspires others to chant it. Sikhism is the most practiced faith in Punjab, and roughly 58% of the population belongs to the Sikh faith. India's largest pharmaceutical company, Ranbaxy Laboratories, is headed by Sikhs. [137], In the 1990s the insurgency petered out,[138] and the movement failed to reach its objective due to multiple reasons including a heavy police crackdown on separatists, divisions among the Sikhs and loss of support from the Sikh population. 90% of all Sikhs in the world live in India. Many countries, such as the United Kingdom , recognize Sikhs as a designated religion on their censuses, [35] and, as of 2020, Sikhs are considered as a separate ethnic group in the United States . [130] The attack took place on a gurpurb, and thousands of pilgrims had arrived from across the country to observe the anniversary of Guru Arjan's martyrdom. Around the world, Sikhs are commemorated in Commonwealth cemeteries. As against the national average of 15.9 percent of the Child Population of Sikhs in the age group 0-6 years is 12.8 per cent. Since Sikhism has never actively sought converts, Sikhs have remained a relatively homogeneous ethnic group. The inaction of the authorities in Amritsar and elsewhere was decried by the Akali Dal, headed by the Sikh leader Harchand Singh Longowal, as a political stunt by the Congress(I) party of Indira Gandhi. Sikhism, religion and philosophy founded in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent in the late 15th century. Although the art and culture of the Sikh diaspora have merged with that of other Indo-immigrant groups into categories like "British Asian", "Indo-Canadian" and "Desi-Culture", a minor cultural phenomenon which can be described as "political Sikh" has arisen. [81], Over 60% of Sikhs belong to the Jat ( Jatt) caste, traditionally agrarian in occupation. The highest-ranking general in the history of the Indian Air Force is a Punjabi Sikh, Marshal of the Air Force Arjan Singh. Guru Nanak has mentioned in his first composition of Jap Ji Sahib, which is recited daily by all practicing Sikhs that all souls are to be treated with care and respect as Waheguru is the Giver of all souls. [37] Throughout his life, Guru Nanak was a religious leader and social reformer. [51] The modern Punjab state carved out of the former East Punjab province now has a population in which the majority of the people follow Sikhism; the people in the areas of what is now Himachal Pradesh and Haryana, both of which were included in the East Punjab province, mostly follow Hinduism. POPULATION DENSITY AND GROWTH OF PUNJAB: The population density of Punjab is 551 persons per square kilometer. Bhangra and Giddha are two forms of Punjabi folk dancing which have been adapted and pioneered by Sikhs. 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